Tuesday, 26 March 2013

Photography terms every beginner should know.

Apeture - Apeture is the lens opening. The more open the apeture is, the more light that comes in. This also effects your shutter speed. The smaller the apeture, the less light and faster shutter speed, and the more open the apeture, the more light that comes in and a slower shutter speed.

Bokeh - When the background is blurred in a photo and the subject is very focused, the background might appear as small circles.

Camera Angles - Different angles the camera can take photos of a subject. The photographer could take photos from the left, right, birds eye view, front facing, below - there are many different angles you can photograph with.

Close up - A Photo taken very up close to a subject, and you can get very close with a macro lens. Close ups can often be taken of insects, flowers ect.
Composition - The appealing way a photo has been arranged. If you were photographing pictures for a photography book, you could compose it with the main subject -the food, foreground - a placemat, background - the kitchen, and supporting objects - cutlery.
Contrast - The difference in the light to dark areas of a photo. It is the brightness range of a subject or the scene lighting.
Depth of Field - When the camera focuses on a subject close to the camera, and the background, or things in the distance become very blurry.
Graininess - When a photo is blurry in some parts, it may appear grainy or sandy.
Lens - One or more pieces of glass put together designed to catch rays to create images on film.
Macro Lens - A lens designed to capture very close up images of smaller subjects, such as insects or flowers etc.
Over Exposure - When a photo is over exposed, the camera has let too much light in and therefore is way too bright.
Shutter - The blades in a camera that open and close to take the photo. The whole time the shutter is open it is taking a photo. The longer the shutter is open the more light that comes in, and makes the image brighter.